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Based on the information found on the Internet, compile a list of upcoming solar eclipses until 2025. For each eclipse, indicate when it will occur, what type of eclipse it will be and from which territory it will be observable. Try to find on the map which states the belt of totality will cross. We recommend using the NASA website: https://eclipse.gsfc.

Using this or other websites, try to find out when a total solar eclipse will be visible from the territory of the Slovak Republic and where the belt of totality will lead. You can do the same for the next total eclipse observable from the territory of Bratislava.

Objective of activity

The aim of this activity is for pupils to learn to search for information on the Internet and to get an idea of the frequency of the solar eclipse phenomenon and the territory that will hit a specific total / annular solar eclipse (the size of the belt of totality / annularity).

Methodical notes for the teacher

• All the information you need to complete the exercise can be found on the NASA website ÚData for world eclipses for the coming years are directly in the table from which the links to the maps lead. To search for eclipses in the Slovak Republic, it is advisable to use the section “Five Millennium Catalogue of Solar Eclipses” and search in it according to geographical coordinates. However, information on the date of the next eclipse in the Slovak Republic can also be found on many other websites and only the course of the belt of totality can be traced here. To search for eclipses in Bratislava, it is useful to use the script “JavaScript Solar Eclipse Explorer” We couldn't find this information on another site.

• The website is, of course, in English. However, we believe that the vocabulary used is so limited that this should not be a problem.

Sample answer

6. 1. 2019 partial North-east Asia, North Pacific Ocean
2. 7. 2019 total South Pacific Ocean, Chile, Argentina
26. 12. 2019 annular Saudi Arabia, India, Sumatra, Borneo
21. 6. 2020 annular Central Africa (Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Ethiopia, Eritrea),
South and East Asia (Yemen, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Pakistan, India, China, Taiwan),
Pacific Ocean
14. 12. 2020 total South Pacific Ocean, Chile, Argentina, South Atlantic Ocean
10. 6. 2021 annular Northern Canada, Greenland, eastern Russia
4. 12. 2021 total Antarctica
30. 4. 2022 partial south-eastern Pacific Ocean, south of South America
25. 10. 2022 partial Europe, north-east Africa, Middle East, West Asia
20. 4. 2023 hybrid Indonesia, Australia, Papua New Guinea
14. 10. 2023 annularWestern USA, Central America
(Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama),
Colombia, Brazil
8. 4. 2024 total Mexico, central USA, eastern Canada
2. 10. 2024 annular southern Chile, southern Argentina
29. 3. 2025partial north-west Africa, Europe, northern Russia
21. 9. 2025 partial South Pacific Ocean, New Zealand, Antarctica

The future total solar eclipse visible from the territory of the Czech Republic will occur on October 7, 2135. The belt of totality will hit the northern and north-eastern part of the republic and will run north of the cities of Ústí nad Labem, Pardubice and Olomouc, see the picture.

The future total solar eclipse visible from the territory of Prague will occur on April 20, 2433. The belt of totality will hit the western, central and northern part of the republic and will run north of Strakonice, Kolín and Broumov, see picture.

Adaptation guidelines for pupils with SEN

Pupils with disabilities 

Pupils with learning disabilities should be able to handle the first part of the exercise without difficulty, i. e. eclipse tracing for the next period until 2025. Other exercises – to find an eclipse in the territory of the Slovak Republic and Bratislava can be difficult for them. 

Gifted pupils 

Gifted students can also search the NASA website for other related information about individual eclipses, e.g. the duration of the total / annular eclipse, the start and end time of the eclipse and more. They can also give information about the belt of totality not only as a calculation of the states through which it leads, but also with the help of geographical coordinates and information about the width of the belt of totality. Another possibility is to trace the nearest total eclipse in Europe and find out all the available details about it (Spain, 12 August 2026 in the early evening, maximum duration 1 min 50 s, width of the belt of totality up to 280 km).