# Practical Exercise 2: Minor Planet Velocity

**Practical Exercise**: The minor planet marked (5000) IAU is located at a distance of 2.54 au from the Sun. Assume a circular orbital trajectory. What is its orbital period in seconds?

**Answer:** Assuming a circular orbital trajectory, the principal half-axis is equal to *a* = 2,54 au. We work with the Kepler's third law (law of periods), where the following applies to objects orbiting the Sun:

By substitution we find out* T = 4,05 roka = 1,28 ∙ 10 ^{8} s*.

The resulting orbital period is obtained by multiplying the value of the principal half-axis in astronomical units to the third (*a ^{3} = a ∙ a ∙ a*) and finding the square root of the result (√).

**Practical Exercise:** Estimate the velocity of a minor planet on an orbiting trajectory around the Sun, assuming that the trajectory of the minor planet around the Sun is circular.

**Answer:** The average velocity of the minor planet is calculated *v = s / T*. Assume that 1 au = 150 000 000 km. We need to calculate the trajectory of the orbit using a formula= 2,39 bilion km.

*v = s / T = 2,39 ∙ 109 : 1,28 ∙ 108 km · s–1 = 18,7 km · s–1*

**Practical Exercise:** How would the orbital velocity of the minor planet change if it were at a distance of the planet Jupiter?

**Answer:** The average distance to Jupiter is 5.20 au. The orbital period according to Kepler's third law is 11,9 years = 3,75 ∙ 108 s. The average velocity of the minor planet is calculated v = s / T. Let’s assume that 1 au = 150 000 000 km. We need to calculate the trajectory of the orbit using a formula = 4,90 miliardy km.

*v = s / T = 4,90 ∙ 10 ^{9} : 3,75 ∙ 108 km · s^{–1} = 13,1 km · s^{–1}*