# Practical Exercise 5: Size of Impact Craters on Earth

This activity is focused on measuring the dimensions of real impact craters on the Earth's surface using Mapy.cz or Google Maps. Craters vary in size, from small (hundreds of metres) to very large (over 100 km). The impacts created by these craters have caused various climate changes; small impact affected only the local area, while larger impacts could have had changes of a global nature.

Practical Exercise: For each crater, find its location on the map, measure the dimensions and area of the impact crater, and determine the state in whose territory the impact crater is located. The position of the crater is given by latitude (N = north, S = south) and longitude (W = west, E = east).

 Name of Impact Crater Latitude Longitude Size (km) Area (km2) State Barringer's Crater This crater was formed 50,000 years ago by the impact of an iron meteorite. 35° 02΄ S 111° 01΄ Z 1,2 1 Arizona, USA ManicouaganOne of the largest preserved impact craters, it was formed more than 200 million years ago. 51° 23΄ S 68° 42΄ Z 69,3 3 200 Canada Clearwater LakesThese two impact craters were created by the impact of a pair of minor planets on the Earth's surface. 56° 13΄ S 74° 30΄ Z 32,4 and 22,1 930 a 360 Canada Chicxulub CraterThis impact crater is difficult to find. It was formed 66 million years ago by the impact of a meteorite of 10 km. The impact has released a lot of energy, climate change and the extinction of many species ocurred. 21° 24΄ S 89° 31΄ Z more than 100 km - Mexiko Upheaval DomeThis crater has all the features of a typical impact crater – central Upheaval Dome peak, inner crater and outer concentric impact rings. 38° 26΄ S 109° 54΄ Z 3,5 8 Utah, USA Gosses BluffThis impact crater was formed more than 140million years ago by the impact of a 1 km minor planet. The central circle is not the edge of the crater, it lies much further. 23° 50΄ J 132° 19΄ V 5,4 20 Australia TenoumerThere are two more around the crater, which are easy to find, the first is 166 km in azimuth 27°, the second 376 km in azimuth 219°. The crater was formed 20,000 years ago. 22° 55΄ S 10° 24΄ Z 1,9 3 Mauritania VredefortA crater composed of several rings. Age 2 billion years. Meteorite with a size of 10 km. 27° 00΄ J 27° 30΄ V 60 (inner ring) 2 000 Republic of South Africa

Practical Exercise: Calculation of Kinetic Energy of Impact

The Chicxulub Crater was formed by the impact of a rocky body (density = 2 700 kg · m–3) with a diameter of 17.5 km. Calculate the volume of the body. Assume that the body is round.

Practical Exercise: Calculate the mass of the body that formed the Chicxulub Crater.